National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Effort in Combating Ocean Acidification

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Effort in Combating Ocean Acidification

Industrial revolution in the last two centuries has completely changed the Earth’s environment. This can be attributed to, increase in the rate of deforestation, higher consumption of fossil fuels and incessant rise of emission levels that has led to higher concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. It has been well established that CO2 is responsible for global warming and its effect is well documented all over the world.

Research has shown that CO2 is also responsible for acidification of oceans. Oceans are good absorbers of CO2 as these are capable of absorbing 30 per cent of the CO2 released in the atmosphere.  As CO2 gets absorbed by sea water, series of chemical reactions take place which increase the concentration of hydrogen ions and make sea water more acidic and further cause decrease in carbon ions (NOAA, 2013). Such changes in the ocean chemistry is bound to cause deep impact to the variety of species in it. There are reports which suggest that higher levels of acidic conditions is going to affect the shelled species. Carbonate ion is an important building component of shelled species, such as oysters, clams, sea urchins, corals and calcareous planktons present in the sea water and it has been revealed that decrease in carbonate ion in the sea water can make these species vulnerable (NOAA, 2013). For example, “sea butterfly” (also known as pteropod) eaten by a variety of species like krill and whales, when placed by researchers in sea water with carbonate levels projected for the year 2100, found that their shells dissolved in just 45 days (NOAA, 2013). This study also found that pteropods in the Southern Ocean, which encircles Antarctica has already shown signs of dissolution of pteropod shells.

A study by Morley and Day (2013) has shown that chances of CO2 getting dissolved is more in cold water and hence all the species in colder water are at a greater risk with increased acidification of oceans in colder region.  They further state that calcium carbonate saturation is low in the Polar Regions and that shallow waters around Antarctica would be the first to face under saturation of carbonate ions. Another research published in Nature Climate Change has found that ocean acidification is spreading in terms of area and in depth at a rapid pace in the Western Arctic Ocean and is potentially affecting the food web as also the communities that depend on these resources. Between the years 1990 and 2010 acidified waters has been expanding northward 300 nautical miles towards the north western Alaska (Qi et al., 2017). Hancock et al. (2018) from a recent study, state “near-shore microbial communities are likely to change significantly near the end of this century if anthropogenic CO2 release continues unabated, with profound ramifications for near-shore Antarctic ecosystem food webs and biogeochemical cycling. Quoting, Wei- Jun Cai based at University of Delaware, a study by  NOAA (2017), “The Arctic Ocean is the first ocean where we see such a rapid and large-scale increase in acidification, at least twice as fast as that observed in the Pacific or Atlantic oceans,” Such a plightfull situation has made scientists to focus their research that could work towards finding a solution.

NOAA has initiated the Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory with Marine research institute in Iceland to research more about high the latitude ocean acidification in the Atlantic Ocean. Further NOAA has installed moored buoys to research on the amount of carbon dioxide in the ocean environment in the north of Arctic Region (NOAA, 2013). Hence, such innovative research and high level of monitoring is a necessity to providing accurate data towards a solution which would be able to combat ocean acidification.

Melting antarctic glaciers and barriers to curb them, an excerpt from news reports.

Melting antarctic glaciers and barriers to curb them, an excerpt from news reports.

Climate change and its effect has been a great source of concern for scientists and environmental protagonists from all over the world.

The conundrum of rise in sea level due to melting of glaciers with the rising temperature of earth have led many scientists to study its impact on the coastal regions of various continents.Climate scientists who have been working on Antarctic ice sheet have predicted that if whole of this ice sheet melts, it would contribute to around 50 metres rise in sea level(Harvey, 2018). Further, they have mentioned that currently Antarctica is losing its ice at a rate which is three times faster than what it used to be six years ago.These high melting rates pose a huge threat to all the continents closer to the Antarctic region.An article by Satherley (2018), has stated thatthe impact of Antarctic glacial melt would have an adverse effect on New Zealand. The predictions suggest that if all of the Antarctic glacier melts, itwould cause submergence of central Aukland, regions like Hamilton and Tauranga would be underwater and Newmarket, Epsom and Mt Roskill would be peeking out of the flood.

Scientists are working on geo-engineering solutions to overcome such overwhelming challenges in the near future. They have come up with an idea of building a wall using rock and sand from the sea floor. An article published in the Cryosphere Journal, from the European Geosciences Union, stated that this barrier would help to hold back the glaciers from meltingas the warm water would not get mixed underwater (Wolovick and Moore, 2018).

This idea seems unrealistic to many, but as per the researchers this may be the only chance of gaining some extra time to combat the global warming and rising sea levels. Wolovick, who is a researcher in Atmosphere and Ocean sciences programme from the Department of Geosciences at Princeton University stated that the structure of the wall is still being designed.However, they plan to keep it very simple through piling of gravel or sand on the ocean floor. Further, he also stated that “the designs are within plausible human achievements”.

Harvey (2018), in her article has cited Wolovick and Moore’s work who have mentioned in their paper that building this wall successfully would require the height of the barrier to be at least 300m and the materials to be around 0.1 to 1.5 cubic km thick.The authors of the Cryosphere report have opined that creating such enormous glacier barriers will need a lot of hard work and enthusiasm from people and from variousengineering fields. Executing such a gigantic project could take a few decades at the least.

Building a barrier or a wall is just one of the ways to the quest of a challenging journey of reducing glacial melt. There is a need of more such innovative geoengineering ideas to help curb natural calamities in the near future.

References:

1.Wolovick M.J and J.C. Moore, 2018. Stopping the flood: could we use targeted geoengineering to mitigate sea level rise?,The Cryosphere, 12, 2955-2967.

2.Harvey F., 2018.Build walls on seafloor to stop glaciers melting, scientists say, The Guardian, September ,20

3. Satherley D.,2018. Antarctica Melts: The impact on New Zealand, Newshub, June, 14

Scientists find pocket of warm water trapped under Arctic with potential to melt entire ice pack

Scientists find pocket of warm water trapped under Arctic with potential to melt entire ice pack

Scientists have discovered warmer water that originated hundreds of miles away has penetrated deep below the ice pack’s surface.

Vast swathes of the polar expanse are changing dramatically every year – with sea ice vanishing far earlier in the season that it used to, and ships beginning to take advantage of the newly ice-free oceans.
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This effect could be exacerbated in one of the Arctic Ocean’s major regions – known as the Canadian Basin – by the influx of warmer water that is currently stored underneath it.

Using data collected over the past 30 years, researchers at Yale University and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution saw the “heat content” of the area had doubled during this period.

“This means the effects of sea-ice loss are not limited to the ice-free regions themselves, but also lead to increased heat accumulation in the interior of the Arctic Ocean that can have climate effects well beyond the summer season,” said Yale geologist Professor Mary-Louise Timmermans, who led the study.

“Presently this heat is trapped below the surface layer. Should it be mixed up to the surface, there is enough heat to entirely melt the sea-ice pack that covers this region for most of the year.”

This research was published in the journal Science Advances.

The Arctic is warming at twice the rate of the global average, and year after year bodies like the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration report record-breaking climate extremes in the region.

Last year saw the lowest ever measurements for maximum winter sea ice cover across the Arctic, and the second warmest air temperatures on record.

These changes have caused havoc for the people and animals that inhabit the polar region.

Almost all the ice covering the Bering Sea in the northern Pacific Ocean vanished a month early this year, impacting the hunting and fishing activities of the inhabitants of western Alaska.

The recent breakup of the “last holdout” of thickest ice in the Arctic was described as “highly unusual” by scientists.

This breakup is an unsettling sign of climate change, and experts warned that it would likely have a serious impact on the region’s polar bears and seals.

They were able to trace this water to the Chukchi Sea further south, where the regional decline in sea ice has left the water very exposed to the summer sun.

After heating up, this water has been driven north by Arctic winds, but has remained below the top layer of water – resulting in a high-temperature zone trapped far beneath the ice pack.

Container ship crosses Arctic route for first time in history due to melting sea ice

Container ship crosses Arctic route for first time in history due to melting sea ice

A commercial container ship has for the first time successfully navigated the Northern Sea Route of the Arctic Ocean, a route made possible by melting sea ice caused by global warming.

Maersk Line, the world’s biggest container shipping company, told The Independent its ship, Venta Maersk, was expected to reach its final destination of St Petersburg next week.

The new ice-class 42,000 ton vessel, carrying Russian fish and South Korea electronics, left Vladivostok, in the far east of Russia, on the 23 August.

With help from Russia’s most powerful nuclear icebreaker, it followed the Northern Sea Route up through the Bering Strait between Russia and Alaska, before travelling along Russia’s north coast and into the Norwegian Sea.

The route has seen growing traffic during summer months already, with cargos of oil and gas regularly making the journey.

Arctic sea ice hit a record low for January this year, and an “extreme event” was declared in March as the Bering Sea’s ice levels reached the lowest level in recorded history as temperatures soared to 30C above average.

Data released by the National Snow and Ice Data Centre in Colorado showed this winter’s sea ice cover was less than a third of what it was just five years ago.

The Northern Sea Route can cut journey times between Asia and Europe by up to two weeks by allowing ships to avoid travelling through the Suez Canal or past the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa.

The Arctic Ocean route does, however, remain more costly as icebreakers are still required to accompany ships.

In an email to The Independent, Maersk confirmed the success of the “one-off trial passage”, with icebreaker ships providing assistance “as required”.

“The trial passage will enable us to explore the operational feasibility of container shipping through the Northern Sea Route and to collect data,” a spokesperson said.

“Currently, we do not see the Northern Sea Route as a commercial alternative to our existing network.”

Sune Scheller, project leader of Greenpeace Nordic, told The Independent any regular shipping route in the Arctic Ocean ultimately risked an “environmental catastrophe”.

“The most immediate threat comes from some of the problems with the fuel,” he said.

“Maersk hasn’t spoken about which kind of fuel this [ship] is using, but in general container ships are using heavy fuel oil, which is basically what’s left in the barrel.”

Mr Scheller said the “dirty fuel” had “consequences” for the environment, including adding to particulate matter in the atmosphere.

Also known as black carbon, particulate matter rests on white surfaces like ice and snow and absorbs heat instead of reflecting it, which contributes to climate change.

According to The Economist, “just 15 of the biggest ships emit more of the noxious oxides of nitrogen and sulphur than all the world’s cars put together”.

“It’s also of a concern in case of an accident,” Mr Scheller continued. “It is more toxic and it is more difficult to get out of the environment again, especially an Arctic environment where the water is cold.”

A combination of the use of heavy fuel oil, the shallow water of the Arctic Ocean, and the ice makes the Northern Sea Route one of “increased risk” of a catastrophe, he added.

But as global warming increases ice loss, Mr Scheller said banning commercial shipping in the area was unlikely to be a realistic possibility.

“What’s important now is that you make sure that when this becomes available, you have the necessary regulation in place in the area,” he said.

“So that means you have vessels that are capable of charting this area, But it’s also about putting bans on the most dirty types of fuels that exist.”

Global estimates suggest ships are responsible for 15 per cent of nitrogen oxides and 8 per cent of sulphur gas worldwide. These gases have been linked with a range of health problems including asthma, heart disease and cancer.

Earth Day 2015

Earth Day Celebrations 22nd April, 2015

• LIGHTS was mandated by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), Government of India to organised the earth day    celebrations in 2015.
Lights selected 11 schools across the Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal to conduct the    programme in both English and Hindi.
Schools were invited for participation/expression of interest wherein with a  positive response these schools  organized indoor and outdoor activities as per the programme given in the    brochure.
 Toolkits were provided to the concerned schools.
Media was invited.
A panel selected the final awardees from the best entries received from the schools.

• Banner
• Brochure
• Info sheet
• Posters
• 200 Poster making sheets
• 200 Slogan making sheets
• The Charter of Pledge
• Draft worth Rs. 2000/- for giving snacks and juices to 200 students of each school.
Painting Competition was organised for primary and secondary categories.
Prizes for the Painting Competition both Junior and Senior students were as follows:
• 1st Prize – 3000/-
• 2nd Prize – 2000/-
• 3rd Prize – 1000/-
• 4 Consolation Prizes of Rs. 500/- each
• DAV Model School, J. M. Sengupta Road, Durgapur, Burdwan, West Bengal.
• Zoom International School, Durgapur, West Bengal
• Carmel convent, Durgapur, West Bengal
• Jawahar Navodya Vidyalaya Tenughat, Distt. Bokaro, Tenughat, Jharkhand
• Pitts Modern School, P.O.I.E. Gomia, Bokaro, Jharkhand
• Kasturba Gandhi Awasiye BALIKA VIDHYALAY Sasbera, Gomia, Jharkhand
• Tenughat, Govt M S Tenughat, Petarwar, Bokaro, Jharkhand
• DAV Public School, Tenughat, Bakaro, Jharkhand
• Jawahar Navodya Vidyalaya Mana Camp Raipur, Chhattisgarh
• Saraswati Shishu Mandir, Mana Camp, Raipur, Chhattisgarh
• Govt. Higher Secondary School, Mana Camp, Raipur, Chhattisgarh
• DAV Public School, Basanti Colony,Rourkela, Odisha
• Guru Nanak Public School, Rourkela, Odisha
PAINTING : PRIMARY
School Student Rank Prize Amount
 V.K.V, NEEPCO, Yozali, Arunachal Pradesh Taba Taya Consolation Rs. 500
 V.K.V, NEEPCO, Yozali, Arunachal Pradesh Amandeep Raj Consolation Rs. 500
 DAV Model School, Durgapur, Burdwan, West Bengal Arijita Roy Consolation Rs. 500
DAV Model School, Durgapur, Burdwan, West Bengal Kautuki Mukherjee Consolation Rs. 500
 DAV Model School, Durgapur, Burdwan, West Bengal Asmita Karmakar Consolation Rs. 500
 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Tenughat, Jharkhand Devanadana D. B. Consolation Rs. 500
 DAV Public School, Rourkela, Odisha Tanmay Puthal 3rd Rs. 1000
 DAV Model School, Durgapur, Burdwan, West Bengal Snigdha Haldar 2nd Rs. 2000
 DAV Model School, Durgapur, Burdwan, West Bengal Arpan Madal 1st Rs. 3000
PAINTING : SECONDARY
 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Tenughat, Jharkhand Abhishek Marandi Consolation Rs. 500
 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Tenughat, Jharkhand Anjali Kumari Agrawal Consolation Rs. 500
 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Tenughat, Jharkhand Kajal Kumari Consolation Rs. 500
 Zoom International School, Rourkela, Odisha Satarupa Biswas Consolation Rs. 500
DAV Model School, Durgapur, Burdwan, West Bengal Tamanna Santra 3rd Rs. 1000
DAV Public School, Rourkela, Odisha Ashutosh Mishra 2nd Rs. 2000
 DAV Public School, Rourkela, Odisha Shubham Barik 1st Rs. 3000

SAGHAA IV 2017

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Changes in the Arctic, Antarctica and the Himalaya are challenging our understanding of their consequences and our ability to provide knowledge for decision-makers. There needs to be a greater sense of urgency among decision-makers and awareness by the public regarding the global importance of changes taking place in the polar realms. The countries undertaking research on the polar realms have developed specialized scientific skills that today comprise a shared resource for humankind. This uniqueness alongside the presence of different countries in a geographically hostile terrain makes it geopolitically relevant. Thus, the interface between science and geopolitics of Arctic and Antarctic becomes pertinent

But, it is critical to anticipate changes in the poles rather than respond to them. This requires sustained observations and improved understanding of local, regional and global processes. These research challenges must be addressed in a coordinated and timely manner. It is essential to build long-term human capacity to support relevant observations and research among scientists, decision-makers and public through education and by adopting shared principles to guide research activities.

LIGHTS Research Foundation has been working towards a convergence of these two emergent aspects for seven years now. To begin with, a National Conference was organised in 2011 followed by an International Conclave in 2012 based on this convergence. The 2015 event was conceived as having greater amalgamation of research with ground truthing with the addition of a dialogue on the third pole—the Himalaya.

The event, named the SaGHAA has over the years gained credibility. Within each forum, scientific and geopolitical, findings are shared and events organised. However, an interface within the two is few and far between in India. Since the tenets that determine the icy realms of Arctic, Antarctic and the Himalaya are based on science, it becomes important to debate issues on a platform where inter-disciplinary issues can be raised.

The Conference attempts to extend the context of a ‘pristine area devoted to peace and science’ to the Himalaya as well. The inclusion of the Himalaya in the discourse will help build an understanding of issues related to all three poles, especially in the context of tele-connections and climate change.

    Climate change and technological advancement have acted as big contributors in providing greater accessibility to the Arctic, Antarctic and Himalayan region. The rapidly changing polar realms initiate changes that cascade through the global system impacting weather, commerce and ecosystems in the more temperate regions. Linkages across disciplines, scales, and diverse knowledge systems must be addressed in future research activities.

    Political and economic changes in the world order have led to considerable focus on the polar regions. Understanding the vulnerability and resilience of cryospheric environments and societies requires increased international cooperation. Further a pro-active stance of the new regime in the foreign policy and its positive and emphatic presence in the international fora has necessitated relook at our policy. More effective use must be made of local and traditional knowledge, and the dissemination of this knowledge by ensuring appropriate access to research data and results. New markets for these resources and associated activities, including trade, tourism and transportation, will likely emerge faster than the necessary infrastructures on land and sea. Sustainable infrastructure development and innovation to strengthen the resilience of these areas requires a collaborative approach involving scientists, communities, governments, and industry.

    In this context, a consortium of scientists, policy makers and activists need to put together varied notions of research and ideas in order to promote developing views on global environmental and geopolitical governance.

    SaGAA III 2015

    An international conference on Science and Geopolitics of Arctic-Antarctic-Himalaya (SaGAA 2015) was held at India International Centre, New Delhi, India during 29-30 September. Continuing the practice of previous two SaGAA Conferences it again brought together; thoughts, experiences, researches and advocacies on cold regions. Various sessions—Geopolitics of the Polar Region; Global Climate Change: Polar Region and Third Pole; Living and Non-living Resources Potential: marine protected areas and geopolitics; Tourism Industry and the Poles were organised. These sessions not only helped to build better understanding of geopolitics but also brought new researches in front that are being carried around globe to understand dynamics and potential of these regions.

    Eminent scientists included scientists such as Dr. P. S. Goel, Dr. Shailesh Nayak, Dr. M. N. Rajeevan, Dr. Sanjay Chaturvedi, Dr. Uttam Kumar Sinha, Dr. R. Krishnan, Dr. Geir Moholdt, Dr. Anil V Kulkarni, Dr. M.R. Bhutyani, Dr. David E. Rheinheimer, Dr. Ravishankar, Dr. Rajan, Dr. Rasik Ravindra, Thórir Ibsen, Marcus Holknekt, Grahame Morton and Sergey A Borovik contributed to the conference. It was an interactive conference with more than 100 cold region enthusiasts attending the Conference.

    SaGAA II 2013

    The International Conference on Science and Geopolitics of Arctic and Antarctic (I- SaGAA 2013) in New Delhi was in continuation to SaGAA National 2011. The International Conference held between March 9 and 11, successfully bounded the session on Geopolitics: UNCLOS and the Global Commons Geopolitics of the Global Realms; Biotechnology: Microbial resources in Polar Regions Dynamics in Polar Marine Biodiversity (Prokaryotes, vertebrates and invertebrates) Information Exchange and Intellectual Property Rights, Resources of the Southern Ocean; Ice Core for Paleo Climate, Southern Ocean and Solar Impact: Sea ice melting, Ice core studies, Southern Ocean Experiments Paleo climate studies; Polar Atmospheric Research: Ozone depletion Meteorological Studies.

    Some of the senior scientists present were Dr. P S Goel, Dr. Shailesh Nayak, Dr. S.W.A. Naqvi, Prof. S. K. Tandon, Prof. John Turner, Dr. Timo Koivurova, Dr. Victor Smetacek, Dr. John P. Bowman, Prof. Nalan Koc, Prof. John M. Reynolds, Dr. George John, Dr. S. Shivaji, Dr. B. Meenakumari, Dr. S. Rajan, Dr. Ramesh, Dr. Rasik Ravindra and more attended apart from representatives from all the countries such as United Kingdom, Finland, Germany, Australia, Norway and Chile. The participation of about 100 scientists was observed in the Conference. Marvelously remarkable was that the number of participants remained the same from the first day to the last day marking the riveting nature of the proceedings.

    SaGAA I 2011

    The first National Conference on Science and Geopolitics or Arctic and Antarctic was held between January 14 and 15. The sessions saw the gathering of eminent scientists such as Dr. Shailesh Nayak, Dr. Ajit Tyagi, Dr. N.C. Mehrotra, Dr. Anil K. Gupta, Dr Rasik Ravindra, Dr. S. Shivaji, Dr. V.M. Tiwari, Dr. T. Meloth, Dr. Subba Rao, S. K. Mehta and many more. Dr S.K. Das and Dr Ravindran and Dr. M.Sudhakar also attended the proceedings. It was an extremely successful event which paved the way for the following Conferences on the subject.

DOWNLOAD BROCHURE      PARTICIPANTS     SAGHAA-IV BOOK

Integrating Geospatial Technologies in Higher Education Curriculum

Integrating Geospatial Technologies in Higher Education Curriculum

India has experienced a substantial growth in geospatial technologies over the last few decades and the resultant job market but this expansion is currently limited primarily to the information technology sector, with marginal presence of subjects such as geography. However, geographical information system (GIS) has begun to considerably influence research techniques, communication and collaborations. The geo-spatial market is extremely dynamic with three main drivers—geospatial data, geospatial technologies and geospatial applications.

The demand for learning GIS has grown exponentially, especially to make urban and rural amenities more technology driven. Analysis of data sets for natural resources like coal, hydrocarbons, methane gas, new energy resources on one side and insights into socio-economic attributes of gender, health, population, poverty levels, renewable energy, disaster management and environmental policies on the other side

The development and use of GIS and related technologies is thus urgently required to be integrated into various courses and programmes at universities beyond the present domain. It is well understood that the science of information technology has increased rapidly and therefore, a cohesive body of experts is needed who can assist educators develop a curriculum for GIS programmes for various other courses. This is pivotal for the success of our current education policy as scientific temperament is an important part of its policy, which only GIS, being a scientific tool, can enable. Taking into account the dynamic nature of education, GIS is a new age development that is still an unchartered territory. It needs to be mastered as it can enable satisfactory enhancement in the quality of research in a number of disciplines. There is no doubt that a large number of geospatial opportunities are available in India, even as there are rapid changes in the skill level requirements. Updating curricula and incorporating new disciplines in the fold of GIS to keep pace with the changes in the job market is the need of the hour. Job oriented ‘hands-on’ practical skills will provide a unique insight into hitherto unexplored disciplines, making it more wholesome.

The Initiative

The strength of GIS is its ability to create distinct map layers for varied information and then to combine them in the desired manner. Each layer consists of geographical or spatial data linked to descriptive or tabular information. Most people think GIS is all about mapping data. But governments, businesses and users are attracted to GIS because of the sheer power of spatial analysis. More recently, GIS has leapfrogged onto desktop computing to find applications in every conceivable area of business activity. And it is here that the logic of GIS is impeccable, given that competitive advantage is ultimately about delivering the right product or service to the right place at the right time.

GIS is currently being extensively used to lower costs and improve software and hardware components in the fields of real estate, public health, crime mapping, national defence, natural resources, climatology, landscape architecture, archaeology, regional and community planning, transportation and logistics. GIS is also diverging into location-based services, which allows GPS-enabled mobile devices to display their location in relation to fixed object or mobile objects, or to relay their position back to a central server for display or other processing.

LIGHTS Research Foundation has been working towards creating such awareness and training related to GIS for over eight years now. Working extensively with teachers, professors and curriculum, LIGHTS has acquired indepth understanding of the needs of the academic community. The not-for- profit outfit undertook GIS seminars, workshops and trainings over multiple days in seven cities—Delhi NCR, Dehradun, Ajmer, Nagpur, Mysore, Tirupathi and Guwhati. Foraging into GIS for multiple subjects will enable the scientific and non-scientific disciplines to interact on a single platform expanding the scope of geospatial technologies.

Objectives

The objectives of this seminar are manifold.

  • To bring together curriculum experts, practitioners and industry personnel to enable them to incorporate geospatial techniques in a multi-disciplinary approach.
  • To build a roadmap for inclusion of scientific temperament as per the educational policy in varied curriculum.
  • To qualitatively enhance research in higher education by integrating GIS in varied curricula.
  • To help build skill and manpower in the nation
  • To create a network to confer and exchange notes on curricula integration in the inter-disciplinary scenario.

Expected Outcomes

The Conference will engage about 100 participants from varied fields and will be involving over 20 experts from the field of GIS. It will attempt to create a vast network of academicians working in the field to draw upon when the integration of GIS into various disciplines through curriculum development commences. A sample curriculum would also be devised by experts as a part of the two day deliberations for any one non-GIS integrated subject as a part of the deliverables of the Conference.

LIGHTS will act as a catalyst between the higher education professionals, scientific research centres and the industry to forge a new era of learning.

Chief Guest

(tentative) Dr. Aruna Sundararajan, Secretary, Electronics & Information Technology, New Delhi

Guest of Honour

Dr. Shailesh Nayak, Former Secretary, MoES, Govt. of India

Keynote Address

Sh. Rajesh C Mathur, Vice-Chairman, ESRI India

Programme Chair

(tentative) Prof. Rajat Moona

Special Speakers

Dr. Prithvish Nag Vice Chancellor, MG Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi; Fmr Surveyor General, Survey of India
Dr. Bhoop Singh, Head NRDMS, NSDI and NATMO, Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi
Dr. V K Dadhwal, Director, NRSA, Hyderabad
Dr. Swarna Subba Rao, Surveyor General of India
Dr. Saibal Dasgupta, Director General, Forest Survey of India
Dr. Gautam Misra, Director, SAC, Ahmedabad (tentative)
Dr. M Anji Reddy, Directorate of Research and Development, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, JNTU, Hyderabad
Dr. P S Roy, Former Director, CSSTEAP and IIRS, Dehradun
Dr. D Sarkar, Former Director, NBSSLUP
Dr. P K Champati Ray, Group Head Geosciences & Disaster Management Studies, IIRS, Dehradun
Dr. M S Nathawat, Professor, IGNOU Dr. Subhan Khan, Fmr Chief Scientist, CSIR-NISTADS
Prof. B S Mipun, Professor, Geography Department, NEHU
Dr. J R Sharma, Brahma Prakash Professor, RRSC (W), Jodhpur
Sh. S Sridhar, President and CEO, NIIT GIS (tentative)
Dr. G P Obi Reddy, Sr Scientist & In- charge, GIS Section,NBSS&LUP, Nagpur

Sessions

Day 1

Session 1: Understanding attribute and spatial information systems

  • Limitation of statistics
  • Working with multiple aspects
  • New derivatives and knowledge creation

Session 2: Applications of spatial data

  • Business opportunities and services
  • Career opportunities and need to diversity
  • Areas of new development

Day 2

Session 3: Information convergence

  • GIS and grassroot outreach
  • Change in special perspectives
  • 3D data mapping

Session 4: New Course content

How curriculum can support

  • Basic of GIS
  • Basic of remote sensing
  • Basic of GPS
  • Basic of mapping

 

Data Users Dehradun

Data User’s Training/Workshop for Senior Secondary Teachers of DEHRADUN (25-27 July, 2010)

 

 

Shri B. Bhattacharjee, Member, National Disaster, Management Authority Shri B. Bhattacharjee addressed all by saying on some issues such as: • Data on disaster management is important in GDP growth and development of the nation.
• He said that our country is the worst disaster prone area in the world.
• Again he mentioned that we cannot stop natural disasters but we can manage disasters by adopting right measures.
• According to him, there are many concerned issues which are not given priorities yet.
• Metaphorically he said that the first wicket to fall is communication at the time of the disaster. He felt that the warning systems in India are still in infancy stage hence, we need an advanced forecasting system. He urged the gathering to try to see those gaps and contribute at their level to fill those gaps.
• He emphasized that steps must be taken to develop capacity-building of community in general and young generation in particular.
• He made an appeal to the gathering to help NDMA to prevent damages caused by disasters.
Dr. M. Sudhakar, Senior Advisor, Ministry of Earth Sciences.
Shri. Major General Manoj Tayal, Additional Surveyor General, Survey of India.
• Dr.B.Bhattacharjee, Member, National Disaster Management Authority.
• Dr.M.Sudhakar, Advisor, Ministry of Earth Sciences
• Shri.Manoj Tayal, Addl Surveyor General, Survey of India
• Dr.Saraswati Raju, Professor, CSRD, JNU.
• Dr.A.K.Mahajan, Scientist, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehradun.
• Dr.Piyoosh Rautela, Executive Director, Disaster Mitigation and Management Center.
• Dr.S.Srinivasan, Medical Practitioner, Apollo, Delhi.
• Dr.Saibal Dasgupta, Chief Conservator & CEO, Biotechnology Council MP, Madhya Pradesh.
• Dr.S.K.Jain, Professor, IIT, Roorkee.
• Dr.A.K.Bhatia, Regional Director,Central Ground Water Board,Dehradun
• Shri.Surjeet Singh Khaira, Teacher, Welham Boys School, Dehradun.
• Shri.Anil Kumar Sinha, Co-Chairman & Founder, Global Forum for Disaster Reduction.
• Dr.A.K.Biyani, DBS College, Dehradun.
• Mrs.Rashim Bhargava, Vice Principal, Army School, Roorkee.
• Dr.P.L.N.Raju, Scientist, Indian institute of Remote Sensing, Dehradun.
• Dr.Sarfaraz Alam, associate Professor, BHU, Varanasi.
• Shri.I.S.Das, Director, Petroleum Conservation Research Association.
• Dr.M.N.Joshi, DBS College, Dehradun.
• Dr.N.Prasad
• Dr.K.D.Gupta, director, Institute of Applied System and Rural Development.
• Shri.A.K.Tyagi, Chief Project Officer, Uttarakhand Renewable Energy Development Authority
• Shri.Arvind Kumar, General Manager, Uttarakhand Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited.
• Shri.Lokesh Jain, fellow and Area Convenor, Renewable Energy Technology Application, TERI, New Delhi
• Ms.Sulagna Chattopadhyay, president LIGHTS: Editor, Geography n You.
No. of teachers trained: 100 No. of students-50
• 1 No. of Folder
• 1 No. of Notepad – Complementary from “G’nY”
• 1 No. of Reynolds Pen
• Itinerary of “National Level Data Users’ Seminar”
• Handbook along with the Feedback Forms
• UREDA Brochure on “Uttarakhand Akhyaya Urja Vikas Abhikaran”
• NDMA Brochure on “Envisioning a Safer and Disaster Resilient India”
• CGWB Brochure on “Rainwater Harvesting and Recharge Urban Areas”
• “Maps in Everyday Life”- A book by DST, Govt. of India, New Delhi
• CGWB Brochure on “Water Conservation”
• Catalogue of NATMO
GIS with Specific Disaster Related Data Sets- Dr. P.L.N. Raju.
• Data on Disaster management Management with special reference to Seismicity- Dr. A.K. Mahajan.
• Uttarakhand: Seismic Vulnerability of Hill Township.
• Adolescent Health data with special reference to Girl Child- Dr. S. Srinivasan.
• Data on Gender related issues and Classroom Methodologies- Dr. S. Raju.
• Forestry Database in India- Dr. Saibal dasgupta.
• Hydrologic Data and Water Resource Management- Dr. S.K. Jain.
• Hydrogeology and Groundwater Management of Uttarakhand State- Dr.A.K.Bhatia.
• Trees of Doon- Shri.Surjeet Singh Khaira.
• Understanding Disaster through Data: Special Mention of Disaster Preparedness in Educational and other Training Institutes - Shri. Anil Kumar Sinha.
• Disaster Management – A Critique- Dr. A. K.Biyani.
• Disaster Management in Schools- Mrs. Rashmi Bhargava.
• Data Usage Curriculum with Special Reference to Geography - Dr. Sarfaraz Alam.
• Energy Conservation in Schools- Paper of Shri.I.S. Das was presented on his behalf by Ms.Bijayashree Satpathy.
• Importance of Non-Numerical Data in Earth Sciences - Prof. M.N. Joshi.
• An Overview on Renewable Energy- Dr. N. Prasad.
• Jatropha Curcas: A Viable Source of Alternate Energy- Dr.K.D.Gupta.
• Renewable Energy Potential & Programmes in the State of Uttarakhand- Shri.Tyagi.
• Hydro Power in Uttarakhand- Dr.Arvind Kumar.
• The Renewable Energy Potential of India - Special reference to Uttarakhand- Dr.Lokesh Jain.
• Wind Power- with special reference to Jaiselmer- Ms.Sulagna Chattopadhyay.
Dehradun-Press-release_Page_2
Dehradun-Press-release_Page_2
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Data Users Delhi

Data User’s Training/Workshop for Senior Secondary Teachers of DELHI (27 April, 2009)

Dr. Siva Kumar addressed all by saying on some issues such as:
  • Use of Remote sensing for preparing maps
  • He also shared the experiment that has been undertaken with drop out village children in collaboration with Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan on capacity building which was successful.
  • Dr. R. Sivakumar, Head, Natural Resource Data Management System (DST).
  • Dr. P. Nag, Director, National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organization.
  • Dr. Saibal Dasgupta, Chief Conservator, Madhya Pradesh.
  • Shri Inderjeet Mittal, Master Trainer and Director, Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  • Shri C. Chakravorty, Joint Director, Census.
  • Shri J.P. Sharma, Head, National Bureau of Soil Survey & Land Use Planning, Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
  • Dr. Suracharita Sen, Assistant Professor, JNU.
  • Prof. (Dr.) Saraswati Raju, CSRD, JNU (Co-organizer).
No. of teachers trained: 50
  • 1Bag
  • 1 Pen
  • 1 Folder
  • 1 Note pad
  • Printed study material
  • Feedback Form
  • Conveyance Form
  • Participatory Certificates
1. Training Presentations:
• Spatial Data and Maps Innovation in Mapping- Dr. P. Nag
• Application of Remote Sensing and GIS for Land Use Planning- Dr.J.P.Sharma.
• Census Methodology and Range of Data Collection- Dr.C. Chakravorty.
• Data Use and Teaching Methodology- Shri Inderjeet Mittal.
• Application of GIS and Remote Sensing- Dr. Sucharita Sen.
2. Seminars / Papers presented:
• Forestry data in India- Dr. Saibal Dasgupta.
• Engendering Data in India- Prof. Raju.

Data Users Ajmer

Data User’s Training/Workshop for Senior Secondary Teachers of AJMER (17-19 April, 2011)

 

Dr. M. Sudhakar, Senior Advisor, Ministry of Earth Sciences Dr. Sudhakar touched upon several issues in his key note address to the participants. Such as: • Environmentalism in Hindu mythology. Its significance as stated in the Vedas, the Vedanta’s, the Puranas, the Upanishads, the Dharmashastras and other scholarly works.
• He talked of the significance of Guru through all our shastras and why we should look up to our gurus.
• He spoke of the wind and solar energy sector in Rajasthan.
• Dr. Sudhakar ended his talk by saying about the data usage by teachers in classroom teaching for the welfare of mankind. Data in its various forms and usage was a gift of the 21st century.
• Dr. M Sudhakar, Advisor, Ministry of Earth Sciences. • Dr. P. Nag, Director National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organization, Chairman, Capacity Building Committee, Natural Resources Data Management System (DST). • Shri Suresh Kumar, Deputy Director, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. • Dr. Smita Sengupta, Professor, IIT Mumbai. • Dr. K. B. Rath, Principal, Regional Institute of Education, Ajmer, Rajasthan.Dr. S. Palria, Prof. Department of Environmental Studies, Maharishi Dayanand University, Ajmer, Rajasthan. • Dr. N. Prasad, Treasurer, LIGHTS.
• Smt. Shreya Dalwadi, Architect-Town Planner, Vadodra, Gujarat.
• Smt. Alice Garg, Founder Secretary, Bal Rashmi Society, Jaipur.
• Dr. S. Srinivasan, Medical Practitioner, Apollo, New Delhi.
• Dr. K.B. Garg, Professor (Emeritus), Department of Physics, Rajasthan University.
• Prof. (Dr.) Saraswati Raju, CSRD, JNU, New Delhi.
• Mrs. Sulagna Chattopadhyay, President, LIGHTS; Editor, Geography n You.
No. of teachers trained- 55
No. of students/others- 40
• 1 Bag
• 1 Folder
• 1 Pen
• Itinerary of “National Level Data Users’ Seminar”.
• Handbook I- GIS and GPS
• Handbook II- Disaster Management and Issues related to Women and Children.
• Handbook III- Renewable Energy
• DVD comprising- 1. GIS manual, 2. QGIS programme, 3. The 3 handbooks, 4. A mapping book published by DST.
• Akshay Urja, G n Y and Bhugol Aur Aap Magazines.
• Calendars
• Feedback Forms
• Participation Certificates duly signed by Chairman, Capacity Building Committee, NRDMS, DST, Govt. of India
• Relieving Certificate duly signed by the Convenor.
• GIS Lab Work- Dr. Smita Sengupta & Dr. S. Palria. • Popularization of Mapping, Remote Sensing & GIS- Dr. P. Nag. • GPS Training at Pushkar with Dr. S. Palria, Dr. S. Raju and Mrs. Sulagna Chattopadhyay. • GIS Training- Dr. Smita Sengupta.
• Social Statistics in India- Shri. S.Suresh Kumar
• Renewable Energy in India- Dr. N.Prasad presented the paper of Dr.N.P.Singh.
• Self-Sufficiency through Renewable Energy and Energy Efficient building designs- Smt. Shreya Dalwadi.
• Renewable Energy Experiences from Rural Rajasthan- Smt. Alice Garg.
• Solar Power in India- Prof. K.B.Garg.
• Energy, Environment and Development: Socio-Economic Study of Wind Power in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan- Mrs. S.Chattopadhyay.
• Adolescents Health data with special reference to the Girl Child- Dr.S.Srinivasan, Ministry of Women and Child Development
Press release 4
Press release 4
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